Adoption is a process whereby a person assumes the parenting for another, that is you will be taking a child from her or his biological parents and provide parental care, however we encourage parents who are willing to adopt to look for the most vulnerable and orphaned children which need vasts of parental care. Below I have listed types of adoption but mostly the well-known is just identify your child or task an agent mostly organisations which operate for the best interest of child welfare like RAY OF HOPE FOUNDATION
Note that adoption is permanent and foster parenting is a temporary arrangement in which adults provide for the care of a child or children whose birthparent is unable to care for them. Foster care is not where juvenile delinquents go. It is where children go when their parents cannot, for a variety of reasons, care for them
When you adopt a child there are some important things to think about. First and foremost for the child's sake, that the baby should have a safe and loving life and a home to grow up in. It means that you as a parent need a good financial standing (able to give care and support like education) and have no problems with either alcohol or drugs or other psychological problems.
If you have biological children from before, make sure that you are not treating the children any different. Conflicts may arise, but be sure that you tackle them early by showing that you treat everyone in the family equal.
Also have in mind that the adopted baby may start to ask some questions about their background history. Be even aware that when a child are adopted from another country, or if she or he has a different look or race can get some questions that may seem hard to her/him and also being teased during their grown up.
It is important to talk with the child about its history when it is adopted; regardless of the child’s original origin. Do your homework and read about the child’s country and get to know the background history of the child.
If you adopt a baby from another country you should keep in mind that the child may feel confused, cause of the new language, maybe even the food tastes funny, and many factors may play a role. You must also remember that, the younger a baby is when it’s adopted, the easier it becomes for both the baby and the adoptive parents to create a bond with each other
TYPES OF ADOPTION
1. Open Adoption
An open adoption allows for some form of association between the birth family, adoptees, and adoptive parents. This can range from picture and letter sharing, to phone calls, contact through an intermediary, or open contact between the parties themselves. Many adoptions of older children and teens are at least partially open, since the children may know identifying or contact information about members of their birth families, or may want to stay in touch with siblings placed separately.
2. Fost-Adopt Adoption
A special type of agency adoption is foster adoption aka fost-adopt. This is a form of adoption in which a child is placed into a home as a foster child, with the expectation that the child will become legally free and be adopted by the foster parents. Also, children may be adopted directly from the foster care system without the period of fostering
3. Domestic versus International Adoption
The first option is domestic adoption versus international adoption. For those in the US, domestic adoption involves adopting from within the 50 states or U.S. territories. International adoption refers to a situation in which a child is born outside of the U.S. but brought to live in this country.
4. Closed Adoption versus Open Adoption
The next major distinction is a closed adoption versus an open adoption.
A closed adoption is an adoption in which no identifying information about the birthfamily or the adoptive family is shared between the two. Additionally, there is no contact between birthparents and adoptive parents. The adoptive family usually receives non-identifying information about the child and the birthfamily before placement. In a closed adoption, after finalization, the records are sealed. Depending on local law and what paperwork was signed and filed at the finalization these records may or may not be available to the adopted child upon their 18th birthday.
BY BRENALD CHINYOWA
DIRECTOR & FOUNDER OF RAY OF HOPE FOUNDATION